American Association of University Women (AAUW) used recently released Census Data to calculate the gender pay gap for all 50 states (including D.C.) as well as congressional districts in each state

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American Association of University Women (AAUW) used recently released Census Data to calculate the gender pay gap for all 50 states (including D.C.) as well as congressional districts in each state. The analysis also looks at the strength of each state’s current equal pay laws as well as current federal laws and what needs to happen for the state to truly have strong equal pay protections for its residents. Policy guides for each state can also be found under the drop down bar on the page. How’s your state doing in terms of equal pay for its residents?

As voters head to the ballot box to vote in November’s midterm elections, this data is a useful accountability tool when advocating for stronger equal pay protections at the local, state, and federal levels. Consider the following options in analyzing the data outlined in these guides:

– What is the gender pay gap in Congressional Districts with the hottest midterm races;
– How do districts represented by women fare when it comes to pay equity;
– Which Congressional Districts have the biggest and smallest pay gaps;
– Is the pay gap bigger or smaller in Congressional Districts represented by Democrats or Republicans;
– What are the pay gaps in districts where Members of Congress are sponsors of the Paycheck Fairness Act?

 

PAY GAP BY STATE

2017 state median annual earnings ratio for full-time, year-round workers, by state and gender ranked from smallest to largest pay gap. State pay gaps are displayed rounded to the nearest whole percentage, but are ranked by unrounded percentage.

Rank State Earnings Ratio Pay Gap
1. California 89% 11%
2. District of Columbia 89% 11%
3. New York 88% 12%
4. Florida 87% 13%
5. Delaware 86% 14%
6. Vermont 86% 14%
7. Maryland 86% 14%
8. Arizona 85% 15%
9. North Carolina 84% 16%
10. Rhode Island 84% 16%
11. Nevada 83% 17%
12. New Mexico 83% 17%
13. Massachusetts 83% 17%
14. Connecticut 83% 17%
15. Georgia 83% 17%
16. Maine 82% 18%
17. Minnesota 82% 18%
18. Alaska 82% 18%
19. Tennessee 82% 18%
20. Oregon 82% 18%
21. Colorado 82% 18%
22. Texas 81% 19%
23. Hawaii 81% 19%
United States 80%  
24. Pennsylvania 80% 20%
25. New Jersey 80% 20%
26. Wisconsin 80% 20%
27. North Dakota 79% 21%
28. New Hampshire 79% 21%
29. Virginia 79% 21%
30. Arkansas 79% 21%
31. Iowa 79% 21%
32. Montana 79% 21%
33. Kentucky 79% 21%
34. Missouri 79% 21%
35. Washington 78% 22%
36. Michigan 78% 22%
37. Ohio 78% 22%
38. Illinois 78% 22%
39. Wyoming 77% 23%
40. South Carolina 77% 23%
41. Nebraska 77% 23%
42. Kansas 77% 23%
43. Oklahoma 77% 23%
44. South Dakota 77% 23%
45. Mississippi 77% 23%
46. Idaho 75% 25%
47. West Virginia 74% 26%
48. Alabama 73% 27%
49. Indiana 73% 27%
50. Utah 71% 29%
51. Louisiana 69% 31%

STRENGTH OF STATE EQUAL PAY LAWS 

*An indepth breakdown of types of equal pay state policies can be found here.

Strong: California, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Oregon, Washington

 

Moderate: Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, DC, Hawaii, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, Wisconsin, Wyoming

 

Weak: Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Missouri, Montana, North Carolina, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, West Virginia

 

None: Alabama, Mississippi

 

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